The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger jet airliners manufactured by Airbus Industrie.[Nb 1] The family includes the A318, A319, A320and A321, and the ACJ business jet. Final assembly of the family in Europe takes place in Toulouse, France, and Hamburg, Germany. Since 2009, a plant in Tianjin in the People's Republic of China has also started producing aircraft for Chinese airlines. The aircraft family can accommodate up to 220 passengers and has a range of 3,100 to 12,000 km (1,700 to 6,500 nmi), depending on model.
The first member of the A320 family—the A320—was launched in March 1984, first flew on 22 February 1987, and was first delivered in 1988. The family was soon extended to include the A321 (first delivered 1994), the A319 (1996), and the A318 (2003). The A320 family pioneered the use of digital fly-by-wire flight control systems, as well as side-stick controls, in commercial aircraft. There has been a continuous improvement process since introduction.
On 1 December 2010, Airbus officially launched the new generation of the A320 family with the A320neo "New Engine Option". Offering a choice of the CFM International LEAP-X or Pratt & Whitney PW1000G, combined with airframe improvements and the addition of Sharklets, the aircraft will deliver fuel savings of up to 15%. Virgin America will be the launch customer for the aircraft in spring of 2016. As of 31 December 2011, a total of 1,196 A320neo family aircraft have been ordered by 21 airlines making it the fastest ever selling commercial aircraft.
As of October 2011, a total of 4,858 Airbus A320 family aircraft have been delivered, of which 4,765 are in service. In addition, another 3,255 airliners are on firm order. It ranked as the world's fastest-selling jet airliner family according to records from 2005 to 2007, and as the best-selling single-generation aircraft programme. The family's direct competitors are the Boeing 737,717 and 757.
Adria Airways, Aegean Airlines, Aer Lingus, AerCap, Aerdragon Aviation Partners, Aero Lloyd,Aeroflot,Aerogal, Aerostar Leasing, AerVenture, Afriqiyah Airways, Aigle Azur, Air Arabia, Air Arabia Egypt, Air Arabia Maroc, Air Astana, Air Berlin, Air Bishkek, Air Busan, Air Cairo, Air Canada, Air China, Air China Zhejiang Company, Air Corsica, Air France, Air Guinee, Air India Limited, Air Inter, Air Jamaica, Air Lease Corporation, Air Lease Corporation, Air Macau, Air Malta, Air Mauritius, Air Memphis, Air Moldova, Air Namibia, Air New Zealand, Air One, Air Sweden, Air VIA, AirAsia, Airblue, Airbus Executive and Private Aviation, Airbus Executive and Private Aviation, Aircalin, Aircraft Purchase Fleet, Airphil Express, Al Sahaab Aircraft Leasing, ALAFCO, AlMasria Universal Airlines, Alphastream AG, America West, American Airlines, American ,Airlines, Amsterdam Airlines, Ansett Australia, Armavia, Asiana Airlines, Asiawide, Astraeus, Atlantic Airways, Atlasjet, Austrian Airlines, Avianca, Avianca Brazil, Avianova, Aviation Capital Group, Aviation Capital Group, Aviation Capital Group, Aviatrans Aircompany, Avion Express, Avolon, AWAS, Azerbaijan Airlines, Bahrain Air, Bangkok Airways, Batavia Air, Beijing Capital Airlines, Belair, Belle Air, Berkut Air, BH Air, BH Airlines, BMED - British Mediterranean Airways, BMI - British Midland, BOC Aviation, Boullioun, Britannia Airways, British Airways, Brussels Airlines, Bulgaria Air, C.A.I. Second S.p.A., Canadian Airlines, CASGC, Cebu Pacific, Chengdu Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, China Eastern Xibei Airlines, China Northern Airlines, China Southern, Airlines, China West Air, Chongqing Airlines, CIT Group, Condor Berlin, Croatia Airlines, Crystal Thai Airlines, Cyprus Airways, Czech Airlines, DAE Capital, Delta Air Lines, Donbassaero, Dragonair, Druk Air, East Air, EasyJet, Edelweiss Air, EgyptAir, Etihad Airways, Finnair, First Choice Airways, First Nation Airways, Flightlease, Fly Aruba Airlines, FLY Leasing LTD, FlyNext, Freebird Airlines, Frontier Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, GATX Flightlease, GB Airways, GE Capital Aviation Services, GECAS, Germania, Germanwings, GoAir, GoAir, Guinness Peat Aviation, Gulf Air, Hainan Airlines, Hamburg Airways, Hamburg International, Hebei Airlines, Hellas Jet, Hello, Holidays Czech Airlines, Hong Kong Airlines, Iberia, ICBC, IndiGo, Indonesia AirAsia, Interjet, International Lease Finance Corporation, Israir Airlines, Jackson Square Aviation, Jat Airways, Jazeera Airways, JetBlue Airways, JetBlue Airways, Jetstar Airways, Jetstar Asia Airways, Jetstar Pacific Airlines, Jordan Aviation, Juneyao Airlines, Kawasaki Leasing, bKhors Air, Kingfisher Airlines, Kingfisher Red, Kolavia Airlines, Kuwait Airways, LAN Airlines, Lao Airlines, Lao Airlines, Leisure International Airways, Libyan Airlines, Lotus Air, LTU International, Lucky Air, Lufthansa, Lufthansa Italia, Macquerie Aircraft Leasing, Mahan Air, Mandala Airlines, Meridiana Fly, Mexicana de Aviación, Middle East Airlines, Mihin Lanka, Monarch Airlines, Myanmar Airways International, MyTravel Airways (UK), National Air Services, Nesma Airlines, Niki, Nile Air, Northwest Airlines, Norwegian, Nouvelair, Novair, Olympic Air, Onur Air, Orbest Orizonia Airlines, ORIX, Pegasus Airlines, Petra Airlines, Philippine Airlines, Qantas, Qatar Airways, RAK Airways, RBS Aerospace, Rossiya Airlines, Royal Air Maroc, Royal Brunei Airlines, Royal Falcon, Royal Jordanian, Royal Wings, S7 Airlines, Sabena, Safi Airways, SATA International, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines System, Senegal Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Shorouk Air, Sichuan Airlines, SilkAir, Sky Airline, Sky Airlines, Sky Express, Sky Wings, Skywest Airlines, Small Planet Airlines, SmartLynx Airlines, Solomon Airlines, South African Airways, Spanair, Spirit Airlines, Spring Airlines, SriLankan Airlines, Star Flyer, Strategic Airlines, Strategic Luxembourg, Sudan Airways, Swiss International Air Lines, Swissair, Syrian Air, TACA Airlines, TAM Airlines, TAME, TAP Portugal, TAROM, Tatarstan Airlines, Thai AirAsia, Thai Airways International, Thomas Cook AG, Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium, Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia, Thomas Cook Airlines U.K., Thomas Cook Group, Thomson Airways, Three Twenty Holdings, Tibet Airlines, Tiger Airways, Tiger Airways Australia, Transaero Airlines, TransAsia Airways, Tunisair, Turkish Airlines, Turkish Airlines, United Airlines, Ural Airlines, US Airways, USA3000 Airlines, Uzbekistan Airways, Vietnam Aircraft Leasing Company, Vietnam Airlines, Viking Hellas Airlines, Virgin America, Vladivostok Air, Volaris, Vueling Airlines, Vyborg Airlines, White Airways, Whitejets, Wind Jet, Wind Rose Aviation, Wizz Air, Wizz Air Ukraine, XL Airways France, Yamal Airlines, Yemenia, Yes Airways, Zest Airways, Air Asia Philippines.